Ontario's Historical Plaques 

Discover Ontario's history as told through its plaques

2004 - Now in our 15th Year - 2019

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Founding of Durham

Founding of Durham

Photo by Alan L Brown - Posted June, 2005

Founding of Durham

Photo from Google Street View ©2011 Google - Posted February, 2011

Plaque Location

The County of Grey
The Township of West Grey
In Durham, on the wall of the second building
on the east side of Garafraxa Street north of Lambton Street

Coordinates: N 44 10.602 W 80 49.112


Plaque Text

In 1842 Archibald Hunter, a Scottish immigrant, led a party northward on the Garafraxa "colonization road" to the banks of the Saugeen River. The resulting settlement was first called Bentinck and later Durham, probably to honour the English birthplace of George Jackson, the first local Crown Land Agent. The establishment of flour and grist-mills in 1847 made the town the major agricultural centre of the district. The Durham Road, another settlement route , was constructed through the town in 1849. Further growth followed, churches were founded, a school organized, and a newspaper, the Chronicle, was established in 1857. By an Act passed in 1872, the Ontario legislature incorporated Durham as a town.

Related Ontario plaque
The Durham Road



West Grey Plaques

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