Ontario's Historical Plaques 

Discover Ontario's history as told through its plaques

2004 - Now in our 15th Year - 2019

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Crawford Lake Indian Village Site

Crawford Lake Indian Village Site

Photo by Alan L Brown - Posted December, 2010

Crawford Lake Indian Village Site

Photo by contributor Wayne Adam - Posted November, 2011

Crawford Lake Indian Village Site

Photo by contributor Wayne Adam - Posted November, 2011

Crawford Lake Indian Village Site

Photo by contributor Wayne Adam - Posted November, 2011

Plaque Location

The Region of Halton
The Town of Milton
On Steeles Avenue West, just east of Guelph Line
at the Crawford Lake Conservation Area
[Note: as of July 2018 this plaque is missing]

Coordinates: N 43 28.243 W 79 57.044


Plaque Text

The first prehistoric village in the eastern woodland area of North America to be accurately dated, this archaeological site has revealed much about Iroquoian agriculture. A study of sediment collected from Crawford Lake in 1971 lead to discovery of the site. A small, deep body of water, this meromictic lake has limited circulation and little oxygen below the 12-metre level, ensuring the preservation of annual deposits of sediment in undisturbed layers called varves. Analysis of their pollen content showed vegetational changes in the area over time and a concentration of corn pollen, dated 1434-59, suggested the existence of an Indian village nearby. In 1973 this site was located. Excavations undertaken here during the following decade confirmed that native agriculturalists contributed substantially to the region's changing environment.

Related Ontario plaques
Cummins Site
The Lawson Site
The Nodwell Indian Village Site
Roebuck Indian Village Site
Upper Gap Archaeological Site

Related Toronto plaques
The Alexandra Site
Indian Village Site
The Jackes Site
Parsons Site
Withrow Archaeological Site


First Nations

Milton Plaques

Here are the visitors' comments for this page.

> Posted November 23, 2015
I am a low profile interested person after reading the book about the Iroquois/Huron war at Midland by Birdy or so, one of his three books of different sites about Indian/White interaction. I would like to know if Huron settlement were found this far south and if this settlement shows tri-crop agriculture, corn and which other two plants, which forces the Huron's to change location about every 6 years because the soil gets cooped out. I am interested to find a book that can be got through the Wellington Library about the history. I believed the Iroquois were displaced from the Finger Lakes area in the states but others tell me that the Hurons were a group of the Iroquois. Looking forward to a reply.
Rudiger von Massow, Fergus Ontario. mvonmassow@cogeco.ca

> Posted January 15, 2011
mid plaque... 'ensured' not 'insured'
[Editor's Response: Fixed. Thanks.]

> Posted May 13, 2010
This helped a lot for a homework question. thanks :D

> Posted October 13, 2008
Oh I just loved going to Crawford Lake! It was probably one of the best class trips ever!!

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