Ontario's Historical Plaques 

Discover Ontario's history as told through its plaques

2004 - Now in our 15th Year - 2019

 To find out all about me, you can visit the Home Page 

Looking at this page on a smartphone?
For best viewing, hold your phone
in Landscape mode (Horizontal)

Cummins Site

Cummins Site

Photos by contributor Parks Canada - Posted February 2017

Cummins Site

Plaque Location

The District of Thunder Bay
The City of Thunder Bay
On Colonel Keene Drive in Hillcrest Park
at the east end of Bay Street

Coordinates: N 48 26.051 W 89 14.100


Click here for a larger map

Plaque Text

At least 9,000 years old, the Cummins site is one of the most significant of several Paleo-Indian archaeological sites that form the Lakehead Complex. Many of these early seasonal camps were located on the shoreline of ancient Lake Minong, at a similar elevation to this plaque, along a broad bay that covered much of the present-day city of Thunder Bay. Aboriginal people took advantage of caribou migration routes, freshwater resources, and especially the Cummins site's taconite outcrops that they quarried to make tools. As such, the sites of the Lakehead Complex represent a unique adaptation to an early post-glacial environment.

Related Ontario plaques
Crawford Lake Indian Village Site
Cummins Site
The Lawson Site
The Nodwell Indian Village Site
Roebuck Indian Village Site
Upper Gap Archaeological Site

Related Toronto plaques
The Alexandra Site
Indian Village Site
The Jackes Site
Parsons Site
Withrow Archaeological Site


First Nations

Thunder Bay Plaques

Here are the visitors' comments for this page.

(none yet)

Here's where you can send me a comment for this page.

Note: Your email address will be posted at the end of your comment so others can respond to you unless you request otherwise.

Note: Comments are moderated. Yours will appear on this page within 24 hours (usually much sooner).

Note: As soon as I have posted your comment, a reply to your email will be sent informing you.

To send me your comment, click alanlangfordbrown@gmail.com.

Alan L Brown

Note: If you wish to send me a personal email, click here.