Ontario's Historical Plaques
Learn a little Ontario history as told through its plaques
Manitoulin Treaties 1836 and 1862
Photo by contributor Mona Albano - Posted October, 2005
Photo from Google Street View ©2013 Google - Posted February, 2013
The District of Manitoulin
The Township of Assiginack
In Manitowaning, on the grounds of a museum
at Arthur and Nelson streets
Coordinates: N 45 44.535 W 81 48.440
In 1836 the Ojibwa and Odawa inhabiting Manitoulin signed an agreement with the Lieutenant-Governor of Upper Canada which made the Island a refuge for all First Nations. Authorities hoped that native peoples on the mainland would abandon their hunting grounds and take up farming here. Several hundred did come, but resisted the government's efforts to change their way of life. As white settlement moved north, farmers and commercial fishermen demanded access to the Manitoulin area. In 1862, amid much discord, resident chiefs relinquished most of the Island to the Crown. The people at Wikwemikong chose not to sign the treaty, and to this day the eastern peninsula of the Island remains unceded aboriginal land.
Related Ontario plaque
The Robinson Superior Treaty
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